Building the private equity operations and listing Scania
In 1994, EQT was formed together with SEB and AEA, and Investor took interests in WM-data. In 1995, Saab-Scania was divided into two independent companies, Scania AB and Saab AB, to broaden ownership in the two companies. With the formation of Novare Kapital, Investor launched its venture capital business and laid the future foundation for its Private Equity Investments business area. This involved gradually increasing exposure to unlisted growth companies in the technology and healthcare sectors in the United States, Northern Europe and Asia.
The year after, in 1996, Investor sold 55 percent of its holding in Scania and the company was listed on the Stockholm and New York stock exchanges. In connection with a refinancing of Saab Automobile, an option agreement was reached between Investor and GM to regulate long-term ownership in the company.
New SEB Group, Saab AB and AstraZeneca
In 1997, Investor's holding in TV4 Sweden was sold to the Finnish newspaper group Aamulehti. Investor participated in the merger between OM and the Stockholm Stock Exchange and in the formation of the new SEB group through the merger between S-E-Banken and Trygg-Hansa. Percy Barnevik was elected Investor's chairman.
British Aerospace became part-owner of Saab AB in 1998, and Saab was listed. Stora Enso was formed through a merger between STORA and Enso. A merger was proposed between Astra and Zeneca. The year that Marcus ("Husky") Wallenberg was appointed President and CEO, in 1999, Investor reached an agreement with Volvo to sell its entire holding in Scania, but the EU's competition authority did not approve the deal. The merger between Astra and Zeneca was completed and Saab AB made a bid for Celsius.
Intense start to the new millennium
In 2000, Investor sold shares in Scania to Volkswagen AG. Investor made a number of investments in new technology companies, such as imGO in China. 3 Scandinavia, co-owned with Hong Kong-based Hutchison Whampoa, was started in 2000 when the company was granted one of four 3G licenses in Sweden. The share of unlisted holdings in Investor's portfolio was 5 percent at this time.
In 2001, Investor increased its ownership in Ericsson and SEB and sold its holdings in Stora Enso, SKF and SAS in a share swap arrangement with the Wallenberg foundations.
In 2001, GM purchased Investor's outstanding convertible debenture loan to Saab Automobile. The year after, Investor increased its ownership in ABB, Electrolux, Ericsson, SEB and WM-data and sold its entire holding in Syngenta. Investor participated in ABB's convertible bond issue and Ericsson's new rights issue, helping these important holdings to recover from their financial troubles at the time. After Percy Barnevik, Claes Dahlbäck became new chairman of Investor AB.
In 2003, Investor subscribed for its pro-rata share of ABB's new rights issue and sold its entire holding in Volvo. The Investor Growth Capital holding Tessera Technologies was listed on the Nasdaq exchange. 3 Scandinavia started to offer 3G services in Denmark and Sweden, and was awarded a license for the Norwegian mobile market.
In 2004, Investor sold part of its holding in AstraZeneca and strengthened its position in Scania. 3 Scandinavia established itself as the leading 3G operator in the region with 350,000 subscribers.